Scoliosis FAQs

Scoliosis – Your Questions Answered

For patients with scoliosis, it can be difficult to understand the different treatments on offer. The good news is that there are alternatives to invasive surgery. At the London Orthotic Consultancy, we have offered non-surgical bracing and physiotherapy treatment for some years now. Based on this experience we launched the LOC Scoliosis Brace in January. This is a development of the 3-dimensional brace first introduced by Dr Cheneau in 1979; most of the modern scoliosis braces prescribed around the world are derivatives of his original bracing concept.

What is scoliosis?

Scoliosis is a condition where there is an abnormal curvature of the spine. It is a three-dimensional condition with deviation of the vertebrae in the sagittal, coronal and transverse planes.

Is Scoliosis genetic?

The simple answer is NO. Scoliosis is not hereditary; there is no single known gene responsible for the condition.

What causes scoliosis?

Most of the patients LOC see have what is termed idiopathic scoliosis - that means that there is no known medical cause for the condition. What we do know is that scoliosis tends to occur during periods of rapid body growth and adolescents account for over 80% of all diagnosed cases in children.

How common is Scoliosis?

Scoliosis affects 2-3% of the population. According to the NHS around three or four in every 1,000 children will require treatment for scoliosis. It is most typically seen in children between the ages of 10 and 15.


How is scoliosis diagnosed?

In terms of an official diagnosis, scoliosis is confirmed with an x-ray, which is typically followed up with an MRI scan. A key determining factor that is used when proposing a treatment pathway, is what is known as the Cobb angle. This was invented by Dr John Cobb in 1948. It is now the standard measurement to determine and track the progression of scoliosis. A Cobb angle describes the degrees of deviation from straight in the spine. This can be measured by our clinicians, so please feel free to send x-rays to us for assessment.

What does Scoliosis look like?

There are visual clues that a parent should be aware of:

  • Uneven shoulders.
  • One shoulder blade appears more prominent than the other.
  • Uneven waist or hips.
  • A prominence on one side of the back when bending forward

Can mild scoliosis get worse?

Unfortunately, it can. The more growing a child with scoliosis has to do the greater the chance their scoliosis will get worse. A 2017 study found that children with curves of 21-30 degrees had a 72.5% risk of progression to curves in excess of 45 degrees (thus requiring surgery).

How do you treat Scoliosis?

Treatment recommendations are based on the Cobb angle of the patient and the risk of progression. For curves under 20 degrees LOC monitors the patient’s curve while the patient undertakes a tailored exercise programme based on Schroth principles; this is delivered by our partner in providing scoliosis treatment – Scoliosis SOS. For curves above 20 degrees, LOC prescribes its LOC Scoliosis Brace which works three-dimensionally to guide the patient’s spine into a more correct position, substantially reducing their Cobb angle. For optimum correction, we recommend that bracing is combined with specialist physiotherapy. This joint approach means our patients are getting the best and most appropriate advice from two scoliosis specialists, one with an orthotic perspective and one with a physiotherapy perspective.

How quickly can my brace be fitted following my initial assessment?

LOC understands that time is of the essence, particularly for newly diagnosed adolescents where the scoliosis curve can get worse quickly; we now offer same-day service – a new patient can be assessed and fitted with a bespoke brace on the same day.

Does LOC manufacture its own scoliosis brace?

LOC makes the vast majority of orthotics we fit, and our scoliosis brace is no exception. It is difficult to over-emphasize how important it is to have our own manufacturing unit on site. Lead times are shorter because we are not reliant on outside suppliers, and we can fine-tune our braces at the fitting stage to ensure optimum efficacy and comfort.

What is Kyphosis?

Kyphosis is an excessive curvature of the spine that causes the top of the back to appear more rounded than normal. It can occur at any age but is common during adolescence. The condition is sometimes known as round back. Bracing can provide pain relief for those suffering from kyphosis by adjusting the position of the shoulders and pelvis. In the growing patient, we can prevent the worsening of the deformity and quickly improve appearance.

How many appointments will I need to attend if undergoing treatment at LOC?

Typically, there is an initial consultation followed by a fitting appointment and then pre- and post-reviews after in-brace x-rays; thereafter reviews every three months until the end of treatment. For the majority of our patients who are adolescents, we believe it is essential that there are regular assessments and reviews to ensure that the brace is fitting well; we will make tiny adjustments to the brace to ensure optimum comfort and optimum correction. We have found that comfort is a major contributor to an individual’s compliance with the prescribed wearing regime. In addition, the close contact between patient and clinician ensures patient motivation resulting in better outcomes at the treatment end.

Can Scoliosis be treated in adults?

As adults have reached skeletal maturity and the vertebrae are no longer malleable, an orthotic brace is unlikely to be able to correct the existing Cobb angle of the patient. However, LOC prescribes bespoke back braces to reduce posture-related pain and improve appearance and posture.

What should I do if my child has scoliosis?

We are pleased to offer a free-of-charge, virtual assessment should you wish to be screened for scoliosis. If we feel a referral to an Orthopaedic Consultant is warranted, we recommend a consultation at The Wimbledon Clinic, Parkside with Mr Darren Lui, Mr Jason Bernard or Mr Tim Bishop. The consultant would arrange the imaging as required. Obviously, you can also seek advice from your family GP.

Location FAQs:

We have the following facilities and amenities at our Kingston Upon Thames location:

  • Free parking
  • Wheelchair ramp
  • Disabled toilet
  • Baby changing facilities

We also have the Gait Laboratory for orthotics patients and Onsite Manufacturing for speedy turnarounds and adjustments whilst you wait.

Clothing worn is dependent on which clinic you are attending. You will be sent a letter detailing what clothing to wear along with all other details prior to any appointment at the clinic.




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