Titi's Craniosynostosis Success

#plagiocephaly #Craniosynostosis

Titi's Craniosynostosis Success

BY Jon W

28 January 2022

Tiernan attended LOC in October 2019, one week following surgery at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH). The prominence of his occipital bone was noticed by his parents in the first few months following birth and after a few medical reviews, they were seen in GOSH. Rachel, his mother, explains “I have a clinical science background, so I did a lot of reading, talked to friends who were in the medical world to fully inform myself about the right treatment approach and we ended up at GOSH and agreed for them to perform an endoscopic strip craniectomy, this is very commonly done in the States and Australia but isn’t yet common practice over here. It is as minimally invasive as much as these procedures can be. However, they said we don’t do the helmeting.”

Following surgery, cranial remoulding with a specially designed helmet is required to gently bring about a more symmetrical head shape so Rachel needed to find somebody to do the helmeting. ”I did a bit of a Google search, came up with LOC, contacted Jo (Drake – one of LOC’s cranial specialists) and felt quite confident after speaking with her. Also, when we went to see GOSH, they gave us a list of companies and obviously LOC was on that list.”

At his first assessment with Jo, Tiernan presented with a typical sagittal synostosis head shape, with a prominent occipital bone, bilateral frontal bossing, and parietal flattening.  At the appointment, a scan was taken so that his first Cranioband could be manufactured, as well as measurements and photos to monitor progress.  At this stage, his cranial index was measuring 66%. (The normal range for this cephalic index is 78-89%)

Six days later, the family attended for his fitting, informing Jo with great excitement that Tiernan had rolled from his back to his tummy for the first time a couple of days after his scan, however they had been waiting for him to repeat this since.  His scar was looking well-healed, and the fitting went well.

At the 1st review after 1 week’s wear, Tiernan was doing well and had taken to wearing the band full time. Managing the wearing of a helmet is often a concern for parents and it was for Rachel, “I was thinking about helmet management which I thought was going to be quite stressful. And surprisingly it’s not. It’s pretty much like changing nappies, you just get used to it”. Initially, Tiernan was a bit unsettled at night, but after 4 days of gradually building up wear, he was able to wear it both days and nights.  He had grown as expected and his parents felt that his head shape had improved and was looking a little wider. Measurements confirmed this as his cephalic index had increased to 67%.  Although only a small change, this was indicating that his head was growing in the correct way.


Over the next 2 months, Tiernan continued to wear the Cranioband very successfully. During this time his head shape had improved with his cephalic index reaching 70%. Tiernan was due his review appointment at GOSH and the fit of the band was getting tight so a scan for a new band was taken and a comparison scan report was produced for his parents to take to their appointment at GOSH.

At this stage, we also proceeded with a second Cranioband as Tiernan had started to outgrow his first one.  In Tiernan’s case, we decided to continue with the Cranioband as this offers full enclosure of the top of his head which is preferable for sagittal synostosis cases. Tiernan wore his 2nd Cranioband for 8 months before his next appointment with GOSH, and another scan report was produced.



Tiernan’s cephalic index had continued to improve to 73%. He had developed into a delightful boy who had gone through learning to crawl, stand and now walk.  GOSH recommended that he continue in treatment until he was 2 years of age due to concern about regression in sagittal cases.

Within a month he was outgrowing this Cranioband and so another one was manufactured to continue guiding his head growth.  Treatment was continued for a further 5 months until he was 2 years of age.  His cephalic index continued to improve to 74%. Visually the changes were great, and his head shape was looking good by this stage.


At the end of treatment, although she was really happy about the outcome of treatment Rachel had quite mixed emotions, ”When the helmet was taken off for the last time, I actually felt quite mixed emotionally about that, because it felt like you’re accepting that you have done everything that you can do, basically. Now we look at Tiernan and think you just wouldn’t know that he had surgery and the follow-up treatment. For any parents in a similar situation, I would recommend LOC, they are professional but also personal. We had a really good experience. I don’t think there’s anything that we felt could have been done differently.”

If you think your baby has Craniosynostosis please seek an initial consultation with GOSH and if you decide to proceed with surgery, then contact us. Our treatment plan begins with an appointment prior to the date of surgery at Great Ormond Street Hospital. Find out more about our post-operative treatment.

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This is very much dependent on how fast your baby is growing. The faster the growth, the more frequently your baby will be seen so that the helmet can be adjusted. In general, reviews will happen at two to four-week intervals.

The price of treatment covers:

  • all your baby’s required appointments from start to the end of treatment, no matter how many are required to achieve the improvement in head shape that you are happy with;
  • the cost of manufacturing the LOCband and supply of appropriate cleaning fluid for the band;
  • all reports to your GP/paediatrician/ cranial osteopath/physiotherapist, including a final scan report with objective measurements of change achieve;
  • full telephone support from your clinician during treatment, and, if necessary, extra review appointments at short notice.

Yes - All babies that have completed their course of treatment with us have achieved a measurable improvement in head shape. However, you don’t have to take our word for it.

Recent independent research conducted by a University Hospital in Germany has endorsed the treatment for babies with moderate or severe plagiocephaly.

A larger, retrospective study has just been published that found complete correction was achieved in 94.4% of babies treated with helmet therapy.

The results were conclusive: repositioning achieved acceptable correction in 77.1% of cases, but 15.8% were moved onto helmet therapy because re-positioning was not working. Meanwhile, 94.4% of the infants who started in the helmet-treated group achieved full correction, as did 96.1% of those who were transferred from the repositioning group into the helmet-treated group.

Further information can be found on our Plagiocephaly Research page.

If your baby has a temperature or a fever due to illness you must remove the band. The band can be put back on once the temperature has returned to normal.

The optimum age for treatment is between four and seven months.

This is because the skull is most malleable at this age and improvements to head shape tend to take less time and are more dramatic. That is not to say that helmet therapy should be ruled out if the baby is older than seven months. Routinely, babies up to the age of 16 months can be treated very successfully.

The cut off age is around 18 months when the fontanelles (soft spots on the head) are no longer malleable. As babies grow and develop at different rates, it is always worth checking if you are not sure. There have been cases where a baby’s fontanelles have not fused yet by the age of 18 months, who have achieved successful, but less-marked results with cranial remoulding therapy.

Torticollis is a condition in which a tight or shortened muscle in one side of the neck causes the head to tilt or turn to one side, resulting in the infant resting its head in the same position. In 2013, we analysed the data from all first appointments in our Kingston clinic and found that 20% of the babies examined had some kind of neck condition that was causing head immobility.

The clinics and clinicians that provide this treatment in the UK will have received similar training and experience. However, we are the only clinic that manufactures its own helmet and our clinicians are closely involved with the process for each individual helmet that we produce.

In addition, we do not restrict review appointments to a set number, we are extremely flexible and respond to individual parents' needs so that the best outcome can be achieved for each baby.

The LOCband is non-invasive and works by applying gentle, constant pressure over the areas of the baby’s skull that are most prominent while allowing unrestricted growth over the flattened areas. The band consists of a soft foam layer inside a thermoplastic shell. As the baby grows, the band will be adjusted frequently to gently guide the skull into a more symmetrical shape.