What is Plagiocephaly /Baby Flat Head Syndrome?
Plagiocephaly, also known as ‘Flat Head Syndrome’, is a condition that affects the skull, making the back or side of a baby’s head appear flattened. It may also involve bulging of the forehead, fullness of the cheek and ear misalignment on the same side as the flattening.
There are two types of the condition – Deformational – where the condition is caused by the birth process itself – and Positional – where it occurs post birth. Positional Plagiocephaly is more common.
A baby’s skull is made up of several ‘plates’ of bones which at birth are not tightly joined together. They are soft enough to be moulded by outside forces; this means their shape can be altered by pressure, just lying or sitting in the same position aginst a firm surface can cause flattening usually at the back of a baby’s head.
If you are concerned about the shape of your baby’s head, help and advice is at hand.
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Under the broad term 'Flat Head Syndrome', there are two other head shapes: Brachycephaly and Scaphocephaly. In brachycephaly, the head is wide in relation to its length and appears flat at the back. The head may have a high 'peaked' appearance, and sometimes both sides of the forehead can be bulged. Scaphocephaly is when the head is narrow in relation to length (front to back).