Charcot’s foot or Charcot disease takes its name from Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) who was the first to define and describe the degeneration of the joints caused by the condition .Charcot Foot is a progressive, degenerative condition that affects the joints in the foot. The bones in the foot can be weakened enough to fracture with the joints collapsing.
Charcot Foot develops as a result of neuropathy (nerve damage), which decreases sensation and the ability to feel temperature or pain – a significant risk factor for those with diabetes.
The symptoms of Charcot Foot may include:
- Apparent generation of heat, the affected foot will feel warm to the touch
- Redness of the foot
- Swelling of the foot
- Pain or soreness
Early diagnosis is vital. If the condition is caught in time non-surgical intervention can help bones to heal and prevent future problems. In the early stages a cast or boot can be prescribed . At LOC we prescribe Aircast boots with bespoke insoles to reduce pressure at the plantar surface of the foot and promote healing. This treatment will reduce swelling and protect the bones. Healing can take 3 months or more.
After this initial healing period, a customised boot or diabetic shoe may be recommended. These shoes are designed to decrease the risk of developing ulcers and to prevent recurrence of the condition.