A bunion, medically known as Hallux Valgus, is a deformity of the big toe. A painful, bony lump develops on the joint at the base of the big toe. More than 15% of women in the UK suffer from bunions.
The primary symptom of a bunion is when the big toe starts pointing to the other toes on the same foot. Other symptoms include:
- Pain and swelling over the big toe joint
- A bony lump on the outside edge of the foot
- Changes to the shape of the foot which make it difficult to find footwear that fits
- When the big toe overlaps with the second toe, hard and callused skin will develop in the affected area
Although it is popular to blame footwear for the condition, it is more likely that bunions are caused by a defective bio-mechanical structure of the foot; they are therefore a genetic condition. However it is true that poorly fitting footwear will aggravate the problem.
Provided the cause of the bunion is due to an underlying bio-mechanical reason bespoke insoles are a relevant and appropriate treatment.