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Diagnosis of Plagiocephaly

At the initial FREE consultation, your baby's head shape will be assessed and measured.


Diagnosis of Plagiocephaly

At the initial FREE consultation, your baby's head shape will be assessed and measured.


Diagnosis of Plagiocephaly

Get fast, free help with our flat head diagnosis form or set up a free flat head consultation, our clinician will record all relevant history relating to your baby’s birth and any ongoing medical problems. Your baby’s head shape will be visually assessed and then measured using callipers. If you decide to proceed with treatment, our clinician will then take 3D images of your baby’s head using a cranial scanner. Both the Rodin M4D and the Artec MH 3D scanners used in our clinics are completely baby safe.

The LOC clinician will take two measurements: to establish the cephalic index and the level of cranial vault asymmetry. The cephalic index describes the relationship between the cranial width and length. Normally, the cranial width is 78-89% of the length, and anything outside this range can be considered to be abnormal. The cranial vault asymmetry measures the difference between two linear measurements of the skull. Anything greater than 6mm of difference indicates some degree of plagiocephaly.

These cranial measurements provide an objective assessment of the severity of the condition and a benchmark for measuring the improvements achieved by cranial remoulding therapy with the LOCband. At the end of treatment, a ‘discharge’ measurement is taken, which provides parents (and any referring health professional) with a before and after record of the baby’s head measurements.

Plagiocephaly Symptoms

  • Posterior flattening on one side
  • Anterior forehead flattening on the opposite side to the posterior flattening
  • Posterior bulge
  • Possible facial asymmetry
  • Anterior ear, forehead and eye orbit shift on same side of posterior flattening

Brachycephaly Symptoms

  • Bilateral occipital flattening
  • Increased width-to-length head ratio
  • Increased posterior head height
  • Possible bilateral bulging over the ears
  • Some degree of asymmetry


Brachycephaly, derived from Greek, means short head, the shape of the skull is shorter than average.

A brachycephalic skull is flat in the rear.The crown towards the back is often high, the baby’s face may be wide and the ears can also protrude.

Brachycephaly is frequently position-related rather than due to any congenital condition. Acquired brachycephaly can be seen in babies who also have been diagnosed with plagiocephaly. Indeed this is quite common.

Sometimes brachycephaly is a congenital condition which is caused by premature fusion of the skull.


Dolichocephaly/Scaphocephaly Symptoms

  • Decreased width-to-length head ration
  • Elongated, narrow head shape
  • Overall increase in head height
  • Some degree of asymmetry


Scaphocephaly, from the Greek, meaning ‘light boat’ head, to describe a head that is long and narrow,resembling an inverted boat.  This head shape can also be referred to as dolichocephaly.

This head shape deformity is less common than plagiocpehaly and brachycephaly.

The head appears long and the forehead can protrude and become square shaped. It is more prevalent in babies who have spent time in neo natal care. Scaphocpehaly is often asymmetric.

Scaphocephaly can also be a type of cephalic disorder and is the most common of the craniosynostosis conditions accounting for about 50% of all cases with a prevalence of 1 in 2000 live births. Craniosynostosis refers to the premature closing of the suture that runs from front to back at the top of the head.